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Questions in Romanian - Advanced level

Romanian language complex questions
In the previous lesson on interrogatives you learned how to ask basic questions in Romanian.

In this lesson we’ll explain how to ask more complex questions in Romanian with the help of:

Romanian Interrogative pronouns: Cine (Who), Ce(What), Care(Which one)...

The comprehensive examples below list all Romanian interrogative pronouns together with all the possible combinations of pronouns and prepositions.

When asking questions, the interrogative pronouns Cine? (Who?) Ce? (What?) Care(Which?) Cât/Câtă/Câți/Câte? (How much/How many?) are extremely useful!

The pronoun Cine? (Who?) refers to beings, and Ce? (What?) to things.

Care? (Which one?) involves the choice among different options.
Cât, câtă, câți, câte? (How much/How many?) refer to the quantity or number of objects.

Except for ce? (what?) which is invariable, the others change their form according to the case, and even to the number or gender, as shown in the following table:

We're referring below to Nominative, Accusative, Dative, Genitive what is this?

Look at this sentence: "The boy gave a pen to the girl". "The boy" is the subject thus it falls under the Nominative case. The object given by the boy: "a pen" is in the Accusative case. To whom does the boy give the pen? "to the girl" which is in the Dative case.
The Genitive case expresses possession: The boy's pen. "The boy" is in the Genitive case.

Pronouns Nominative case Pronouns Accusative case Pronouns Genitive case Pronouns Dative case
Cine este la ușă?
(Who is at the door?)
Cu cine ai venit?
(Who have you come with?*)

Pe cine suni ?
(Who are you calling?*)

Pentru cine ai cumpărat cadoul?
(Who have you bought the gift for?*)

La cine s-a uitat?
(Who has he/she looked at?*)

Despre cine vorbea el?
(Who was he talking about?*)

De cine s-a luat?
(Who has he/she picked on?*)
Al cui angajat sunteți?
(Whose employee are you?)

A cui este geanta aceasta?
(Whose bag is this?)

Ai cui sunt acești ochelari?
(Whose glasses are these?)

Ale cui sunt cheile acestea?
(Whose keys are these?)
Cui îi trimiți e-mailul?
(Who are you sending the e-mail to?)

Cui îi dăm premiul? (Who do we give the prize to?)
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Ce se întâmplă?
(What's going on?)
Ce ai găsit?
(What have you found?)

Cu ce scrii?
(What are you writing with?)

Pe ce își cheltuie românii banii?
(What are Romanians spending their money on?)

La ce te uiți?
(What are you looking at?)

De ce nu vrei să vii?
(Why don’t you want to come?)

Despre ce este vorba in film?
(What is the film/movie about?)
Care [dintre sportive] a câștigat?
(Which one [sportswomen] won?
Pe care i-ai văzut?
(Which ones have you seen?)

Cu care a plecat?
(Which one has he left with?)
Al căruia (m.sg.) este pixul?
(Whose pen is it? you are literally saying To who does the pen belong?*)

A căruia (m.sg.) este harta?
(Whose map is it? you are literally saying To who does the map belong?*)

Al căreia (f.sg.) este creionul?
(Whose pencil is it? you are literally saying To who does the pencil belong?*)

A căreia (f.sg.) este floarea?
(Whose flower is it? you are literally saying To who does the flower belong?*)

Ai cărora (m/f.pl.) sunt copiii?
(Whose children are these? you are literally saying To who do the children belong?*)

Ale cărora (m/f.pl.) sunt scaunele?
(Whose chairs are these? you are literally saying To who do the chairs belong?*)

Al/a/ai/ale căruia/căreia/cărora are rarely used in spoken colloquial Romanian; The version with Al/a/ai/ale cui? is preferred: Al cui este pixul?
There is no difference in meaning.
Căruia (m.sg.) îi arătăm rezolvarea ?
(To who do we show the solution?*)

Căreia (f.sg.) (f.sg.) îi vom cumpăra biletul ?
(To who are we going to buy the ticket?*)

Cărora (m/f.pl.) să le acordăm atenție ?
(To who should we pay attention?*)
Cât (m.sg.) e ceasul?
(What time is it? you are literally saying How much is the clock?)

Câți (m.pl.) au reușit?
(How many have succeeded?)

Câte (f.pl.) au mâncat?
(How many have eaten?)
Cât (m.sg.) ai cumpărat?
(How much have you bought?)

Câtă (f.sg) au făcut?
(How much have they made?)

Câți(m.pl.) ai prins?
(How many have you caught?)

Câte(m.pl.) ați numărat ? (How many have you counted?)

Pentru câți să cumpăr bilete la teatru?
(For how many shall I buy the tickets to the theater ?)
Copiii câtor (m./f.pl.) au intrat?
(The children of how many have entered?)
Câtor (m./f.pl.) le-ați mulțumit?
(How many have you thanked?)
* in spoken language Who is used, however in written English Whom is preferred.

Interrogative adjectives: Which book, What part

First of all, what is an adjective? It's simple, an adjective qualifies a noun. For example "Which book have you bought?". "Which" is a pronominal adjective because it qualifies the noun "book".
Let's look at the many cases in which a Pronominal adjective can be.

Nominative case Pronouns Accusative case Pronouns Genitive case Pronouns Dative case
Ce fată a plecat?
(Which girl has left ?)
Ce parte nu ai înțeles?
(Which part didn't you understand ?)

Pe ce dată este botezul?
(What date is the baptism?)

Pentru ce eveniment s-a îmbrăcat așa de frumos?
(What event has she/he got dressed so beautifully for?)

La ce oră vine Ana?
(What time is Ana comming?)

Pe care coleg îl vei apăra?
(Which colleague are you going to defend?)

La care magazin s-a dus?
(Which store has she gone to?)

Despre care parfum vorbiți?
(Which perfume are you talking about?)
Al cărui coleg (m.sg.) este pixul? (Whose colleague is the pen?)

A cărui coleg (m.sg.) este harta ? (Whose colleague is the map?)

Al cărei colege (f.sg.) este creionul ? (Whose colleague is the pencil?)

A cărei colege (f.sg.) este floarea ? (Whose colleague is the flower?)

Ai căror colegi (m.pl.) sunt copiii ? (Whose colleagues are the children?)

Ale căror colege (f.pl.) sunt scaunele ? (Whose colleagues are the chairs?)
Cărui (m.sg.) coleg îi arătăm rezolvarea ? (To which colleague do we show the solution?)

Cărei (f.sg.) colege îi vom cumpăra biletul ? (To which colleague do we buy the ticket?)

Căror (f.pl.) colege să le acordăm atenție ? (To which colleagues shall we pay attention?)
Cât (m.sg.) lapte este în frigider? (How much milk is in the fridge?)

Câtă (f.sg.) făină trebuie pentru tort? (How much flour is necessary for the cake?)

Câți (m.pl.) oameni stau la coadă? (How many people are queuing?)

Câte (f.pl.) beri sunt pe masă? (How many beers are on the table?)
Cât (m.sg.) vin să cumpăr? (How much wine shall I buy?)

Câtă (f.sg.) cafea bei? (How much coffee do you drink?)

Câți (m.pl.) dolari ai cumpărat? (How many dollars have you bought?)

Câte (f.pl.) numere ai notat? (How many numbers have you written down?)
Copiii câtor participanți (m.pl.) au intrat? (The children of how many participants have entered?) Câtor persoane (f.pl.) le-ați mulțumit? (How many persons have you thanked?)
As in English, Cât, Câtă (how much) is referring to uncountable nouns, whereas Câte, Câți (how many) is used for countable nouns.

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