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Possessive pronouns in Romanian

The possessive pronoun states that someone (called owner) has something (e.g. the object). There can be many combinations that can happen, one owner having one object, one owner having many objects, multiple owners having one object and several owners having several objects.

One owner, and one single object
Romanian English How many owners, how many objects
Al meu este mai bun Mine is better One owner, one masculine object e.g. un măr (an apple)
A mea este mai bună Mine is better One owner, one feminine object e.g. o mașină (a car)
Al tău este mai bun Yours is better One owner, one masculine object e.g. un măr (an apple)
A ta este mai bună Yours is better One owner, one feminine object e.g. o mașină (a car)
Al său este mai bun His/hers is better One owner, one masculine object e.g. un măr (an apple)
A sa este mai bună His/hers is better One owner, one feminine object e.g. o mașină (a car)
Multiple owners, and one single object
Romanian English How many owners, how many objects
Al nostru este mai bun Ours is better Multiple owners, one masculine being e.g. un băiat (a boy)
A noastră este mai bună Ours is better Multiple owners, one feminine object e.g. o casă (a house)
Al vostru este mai bun Yours is better Multiple owners, one masculine object e.g. un televizor (a TV)
A voastră este mai bună Yours is better Multiple owners, one feminine object e.g. o mașină (a car)
Al lor este mai bun Theirs is better Multiple owners, one masculine object e.g. un calculator (an computer)
A lor este mai bună Theirs is better Multiple owners, one feminine object e.g. o tabletă (a tablet)
In the above and below examples what matters is whether the object is feminine or masculine plural or singular. It is important to note that the gender of the owner (masculine or feminine) does not make a difference: Al meu este mai bun - can be said by both a man and a woman as long as they refer to one masculine object e.g. un măr (an apple).
One owner, and multiple objects
Romanian English How many owners, how many objects
Ai mei sunt mai buni Mine are better One owner, multiple masculine objects e.g. doi pantofi (two shoes)
Ale mele sunt mai bune Mine are better One owner, multiple feminine objects e.g. două mașini (two cars)
Ai tăi sunt mai buni Yours are better One owner, multiple masculine objects e.g. doi pești (two fish)
Ale tale sunt mai bune Yours are better One owner, multiple feminine objects e.g. două flori (two flowers)
Ai săi sunt mai buni His/hers are better One owner, multiple masculine beings e.g. doi măgari (two donkeys)
Ale sale sunt mai bune His/hers are better One owner, multiple feminine objects e.g. două case (two houses)
Multiple owners, and multiple objects
Romanian English How many owners, how many objects
Ai noștri sunt mai buni Ours are better Multiple owners, several masculine objects e.g. trei nasturi (three buttons)
Ale noastre sunt mai bune Ours are better Multiple owners, multiple feminine objects e.g. două cărți (two books)
Ai voștri sunt mai buni Yours are better Multiple owners, multiple masculine objects e.g. doi papuci (two slippers)
Ale voastre sunt mai bune Yours are better Multiple owners, multiple feminine objects e.g. trei bomboane (three candies)
Ai lor sunt mai buni Theirs are better Multiple owners, multiple masculine objects/beings e.g. doi pomi (two trees)
Ale lor sunt mai bune Theirs are better Multiple owners, multiple feminine objects e.g. două bluze (two blouses)
The above examples use the pair owner - object that makes it easier to learn the rules. However in practice the possession can refer to more than objects; one can have children, or animals. In those cases, the same rules apply, you will just need to know the gender of the person/animal/being.
The above examples also use the simplification masculine objects or feminine objects, when in fact any Romanian noun can be used for that purpose. Romanian nouns have three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter. The neuter is a simple combination of masculine singular and feminine plural. Thus neuter singular nouns follow the rules of singular masculine and plural neuter nouns the ones of plural feminine.While this might sound confusing, it's actually relatively easy to apply. For more information please check out our lesson on Romanian nouns gender

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